To Compare the Water Absorption Capacity of Fibres

Our Objective

To compare the water absorption capacity of fibres obtained from plants, animals, and synthetic sources.


The Theory

Cloth Fabrication

This fundamental process is the conversion of fibre into yarn and yarn into fabric. These are then coloured or printed, made into cloth, and used to make useful items like clothing, furniture, household goods, and industrial equipment. 



Since cotton is one of the most widely grown crops in the world and is produced cheaply, cotton items are often affordable. The fibres can be manufactured into a wide range of fabrics, from lightweight voiles and laces to heavy sailcloth’s and thick-piled velveteen’s, which can be used for a wide range of industrial, home decoration, and wearing clothing applications. Cotton textiles have the potential to be incredibly durable and resistant to abrasion. Cotton is dye-tolerant, typically machine washable, and ironable at relatively high temperature. Since it quickly absorbs and releases sweat, it is comfortable to wear. 



Wool is an animal fibre that makes up the fleece or protective covering of sheep or other hairy mammals like goats and camels. The prehistoric humankind discovered how to produce yarn and fabric from the sheep skins used to cover themself. Wool fibre has good to extraordinary dye affinities, and as it draws moisture from the air, it warms the user up while also altering its moisture content and weight in reaction to meteorological circumstances. Wool absorbs moisture gradually, so it takes a while for it to feel damp, and it does not make the wearer feel cold by drying too quickly. 



Nylon can be from any synthetic plastic material composed of polyamides of high molecular weight but not always, manufactured as a fibre. Nylons were developed in the 1930's by a research team headed by an American chemist Wallace H. Carothers. Nylon can be drawn, cast through spinnerets from a melt or solution to form fibres, filaments, bristles, or it can be made of sheets to be manufactured into yarn, fabric, and cordage; and it can be formed into moulded products. It has high resistance to wear, heat, and chemicals. 


Learning Outcomes

  • Students can understand about the concept of cloth fabrication. 
  • Students can understand about cotton and wool. 
  • Students can understand about nylon.