To perform emasculation, bagging and tagging for controlled pollination.
Plants reproduce through the act of pollination, which involves moving pollen grains from the anthers to the stigmas of their flowers. Two types of pollination can be categorised, they are cross-pollination and self-pollination.
For pollination to be successful, stigma and pollen need to get along with one another. If pollen grains are not compatible with the environment, they may be rejected. This is an undesirable situation, especially when it comes to the production of commercial crops. This led to the development of artificial hybridization.
For proper pollination and fertilisation of plants, pollen and stigma compatibility is essential. The process of fertilisation can start after compatible pollen is received by the pistil; incompatible pollen will be rejected. Long-term pollen-pistil interaction, as well as chemicals released by pollen, are responsible for this interaction in which a pistil can recognise its pollen.